Aspects Why Architecture Colleges In India Is Beneficial At A Time Of Monetary Crisis.

Architecture, it is the result of planning, designing and construction. The designing of monuments, buildings and other physical structures has been in action since the ruler times. With the growing knowledge in scientific fields and the development of new materials and technology, architecture and engineering began to separate, and the architect began to think on aesthetic and the humanist aspects.
Now Architecture has taken the form of a creative career. Today students are so confused about selecting a career for them, in such a case Architecture is offering innate courses. There are many job opportunities for students willing to pursue Architecture as a career.
There are more than 100 colleges offering Architecture programme as undergraduate, post graduate level etc. Some of the top Architecture colleges in India are Giani Zail Singh College of Engineering and Technology, Institute of Architecture and Town Planning etc. The main task for a student after finalizing the programme is to select the best college for it. The very important thing that one should look for in a
college or university is the authorization. The college / university should be accredited by Council of Architecture in India.Most of the students wish to move abroad for higher studies. They have a believe that foreign universities offer good teaching, good placement and high salary. But India is also not lagging behind in all these terms. Talking about some points why a student should go for Architecture colleges in India are:
Education Quality: India offers quality education. Faculties are highly qualified. Education has been drastically growing from the past few decades.
Environment of colleges: Colleges have a healthy environment. Students follow the rules meant for the college. Ragging has been banned. So, no one can expect any misbehavior in the college campus.
Fee structure: The fee for any course is relatively low in India as compared to other countries. The course for which you pay 3-4 lakhs in India rises to 30-40 lakhs in foreign countries. So, India not only provides cheap but quality education.
Placement: Many multinational companies are visiting Indian colleges to recruit talented students. This is all because of the education given in the institutes. Students here are not only educated but talented.
Various Courses: India is no way behind in providing education in the most emerging fields of education. The courses which are only taught in foreign universities are being taught in Indian universities.
So, Indian colleges are beneficial at the time of monetary crisis.

Nata Gate Pass To The Theatre Of Architecture

The NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture) will open the gates of the best architectural and design colleges in the country for you as it acts as the gate pass for entering the prestigious institutions in India .The National Institute for Advanced Studies in Architecture is responsible for holding the NATA examination, The Council Of Architecture is the governing body for this entire activity.

One of the best things about the NATA examination is that every aspirant from all walks of life are given an equal opportunity to apply for this examination which proves to be a tough challenge for all those who want to reach high skies. This means the probability of a candidate clearing NATA is low. But that does not deter the confidence of all these candidates that apply in lakes for a shot at the examination in a quest to emerge victorious.

A candidate can appear for the NATA examination round the year between 1st March and 30th September at the test centers spread over the states. The criterion for being eligible to appear in the NATA examination is a 10 + 2 with Mathematics or a degree from a recognized university/institution with an aggregate of 50%. The candidate should have attained the age of 17 years at the time of appearing for the examination. Candidates holding International Baccalaureate Diploma with an aggregate of 50% and Maths as a subject can also enroll themselves.

The NATA examination is divided into two sections. Firstly they have to appear for the Paper Based Drawing Test which comprises of 2 questions with one of the question containing a sub question .A candidate ahs two hours to complete the paper. Secondly they have to give the Computer Based Aesthetic Sensitivity Test which comprises of 40 questions which have to be completed in 2 hours. Both the test covers the key areas that a candidate needs to be excellent in to become an architect.

The candidates who need an extra guidance in NATA can also approach the coaching institutes which help them in deciphering the examination in a simple way. BRDS (Bhanwar Rathore Design Studio) has been working with so many students who have, with their guidance cleared the NATA examination.This institute has faculties from NID and NIT who have used their experience and inculcated the same in these candidates which has helped them make a mark.

Home Improvement Equity Loans

Homeowners often need extra cash for home improvements. And often a homeowner will opt to take out a secondary loan, otherwise known as a home equity loan, to remodel the home. Some borrowers stay up-to-date on loan choices and elect to choose the home improvement equity loans. The equity
loans for improving home value offer cash to homeowners to make repairs or remodel the home, including external and internal repairs, carpeting, tiling, floors, borewell, painting outside and inside structure, roof repairs and renewals, pipe repair, structural modification, structural repair, and structural remodeling.

The maximum loan amount given to customers depends on the customer’s status with the lender. If the customer had prior loans and showed good faith, then the lender may offer 100% equity lending, while new comers may receive 85% more or less on equity lending. The loans are often extended 15-years; however, few lenders will offer longer terms or shorter terms, depending on the lender and the outcome of the application. The lenders present joint and single packages, however, are responsible if more than one party applies for the loan.

Home improvement equity loans come in fixed rate or adjustable rate options. Thus, the fixed rate is often the first choice, since the loans interest will remain constantand the borrower will not be subject to the vacilliations of the market.

However, the few that take out the adjustable rate loans are subject to pay higher or lower interest rates per quarter on the loan. Many home improvement loans require that an independent contractor oversees the improvements of the home; and thus home improvement loans are intended to improve the home, forcing the borrower to utilize the cash only for repairs and improvement. Few lenders will place penalties on home improvement equity loans to guarantee the loan is used for its intentions.

The Ado.NET Entity Framework Architecture

The Ado.NET Entity framework belongs to the .NET framework family and its main purpose is to extract the logical schema of the data and offer it in the form of conceptual schema to the application. It is a known fact that .net developers have to study a large amount of code and easing this problem is the Ado.Net entity framework. One of the main objectives is to help .Net application development capitalize on the advantages of the high level of abstraction that is needed for data programming thereby removing the mismatch that exists between languages and data models. The .NET developers are prevented from the dilemma of dealing with the confusion that the mismatch can create. The Entity Framework is available as part of the ADO.Net family of Microsoft dot net development platform.

In order to understand the role that Ado.Net entity framework plays and the platform that it offers to .Net development outsource companies, it is important to understand its architecture. The architecture of Ado.Net Entity framework comprises of various components and they include:

Specific Data Source Providers: The main function of this component is to abstract the Ado.Net interfaces thereby enabling .Net developers to connect it with the database when programming takes place against the conceptual scheme.

EDM Parser: This particular component along with view mapping picks up the SDL specification maps it onto the relational model and then facilitates programming against the conceptual model. Therefore, this helps .Net application development by assimilating information from multiple tables and then aggregating them into an independent entity.

Query and update: There is a query and update pipeline that helps in processing queries, it then filters and even updates requests to translate them into store specific queries through the help of the map provider.

Transactions and Metadata Services: Transactions help Microsoft dot net development to integrate with transactional abilities of the underlying store while metadata services helps in managing metadata in regard to relationships, entities and mappings.

Conceptual Layer API: This is the runtime that displays the programming model for coding and it helps .Net developers to use the ADO.Net for utilizing connection objects while referring to the map provider.

Disconnected Components: In the complete process of .Net application development, this helps in locally caching datasets and then utilizing Ado.Net entity framework in Entity Sets that contain the results.

Design Tools: .Net development outsource team also realizes that the Ado.Net framework also includes design tools such as mapping designer, which helps in easing the process of mapping a conceptual schema to the relational schema and also highlighting the characteristics of an entity type.

Meenakshi Temple Madurai The Best Of Dravidian Architecture

Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple or Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple which is located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu. This is among the most famous temples of India which is known throughout the world for its outstanding and impressive architectural beauty. In Hindu religion temple is the place which is reserved for spiritual and religious activities that include prayers and analogous rites.
Sri Meenakshi temple of Madurai is dedicated to Lord Shiva and his consort Goddess Meenakshi (Parvati). Goddess Meenakshi is an incarnation of the Goddess Parvati who is worshiped mainly by South Indians. The utmost architectural wonder of this templeis a testimony to the affluent Dravidian Culture. Some of the prominent features of this colossal temple are:

Temple Architecture:
This temple was built by Kulasekara Pandyan around 2000 years ago. The colossal structure of this temple is among the finest preserved monuments of the Dravidian style of temple architecture. Architectural and sculptural magnificence is the aspect of this temple which makes it popular throughout the world. The temple premise is surrounded by elevated wall which is adorned with various paintings and sculptures. The main deities of this temple are Lord Sundareswarar and Goddess Meenakshi, whose sanctums are encircled by number of smaller shrines and majestic pillared halls. Among the several magnificent structures the most striking ones are the 12 gopurams which are known for their bright colors painting and decoration of stucco figures of deities, animals, monsters, demigods, and celestial nymph.

Ashta Shakthi Mandapam:
This is located at the eastern entrance of the temple which is known for its 1,008 lamp holders. During festive occasions these lamps are lighted which gives spectacular sight to this place. Pillars of this structure are known for their carvings which depict the stories related to Meenakshi’s birth and LordShiva’s Thiruvilayadals (miracles). These pillars are carved on various mythological themes which mesmerizes visitors.

Meenakshi Nayakkar Mandapam:
It is situated adjacent to the Astha Shakthi Mandapam which is known for its 110 pillars. These pillars are famous for their beautiful carvings based on various religious and non-religious themes. A figure of animal with a lions body and an elephants head called Yalli is extremely beautiful.

Porthamarai Kulam (Golden Lotus Tank): >
This is the sacred lake situated inside the temple premises, in which devotees take bath. According to the Indian mythology it is believed that Indra bathed in this tank to wash away his sin, and then worshiped Lord Shiva with golden lotus flowers from the tank. It is surrounded by the corridor which is known for its beautiful sculptures based on various religious themes. The pillars on the northern side of this corridor are decorated with 24 poets of the Third Tamil Sangam.

Some of the other well known attractions of grand Dravidian style edifice are Oonjal Mandapam, Swami Sundareswarar Shrine, Kalyana Mandapam, Aayiram Kaal Mandapam or Thousand Pillar Hall and many more.

Chennai Architecture Latest Trends

Chennai architecture depends upon the architect, the clients requirement, the latest architectural trends and the materials available to Chennais building industry. The latest architectural trends play the major role, and these trends are to an extent influenced by local developments in information technology, communication and transport facilities.

Chennais latest architectural trends are:
1. Self-sustaining townships in suburban areas
2. Green buildings
3. Large retail outlets
4. Sizeable landscaped areas

After land costs skyrocketed in urban Chennai, migration started towards suburban areas and townships started to proliferate in those places. Townships are developments with large open spaces and all basic living requirements including schools, offices, shopping complexes, theatres, hospitals and clubs.

A closer look at a typical Chennai township features reveals that:
Multistory residential complexes are developed with clusters of 5 to 10 dwelling units in each block.
Drawing on elements of modernism, these townships also contain open spaces and low-rise (single or two-storey) blocks.
No decorative elements are used and the emphasis is on functionality.
Open planning in these townships creates larger spaces as well as space into space circulation.
Inside dwelling units, other than private spaces, spaces are open and differentiated by levels, flooring and furniture styles.
Living areas lead to semi-private areas so that inhabitants do not feel they are in an enclosed structure.
Existing water bodies are upgraded to aesthetic elements by surrounding them with landscaped parks incorporating pedestrian paths.
Car parking areas are planned based on the area of dwelling units.
Green building concepts are incorporated in most buildings. Chennai has the distinction of housing the largest number of green buildings in the country.

In the recent past several malls with up to seven stories have also opened in Chennai with different styles of architecture (examples are gothic, formalism and modernism). These malls encapsulate retail stores, offices, multiplexes, restaurants, large lounges and. multilevel basement car parking.

Chennai has also an abundance of multistory IT Parks in postmodernism style, providing anywhere from 50,000 to 200,000 square feet of carpet area. Their facades are typically enhanced with aluminum composite panels and glazing, and the interiors fitted out with modular workstations, optimal lighting, filtered power, generator backup and centralized HVAC services. At the time of writing this article, a large portion of this IT space is unoccupied, since many of these buildings were constructed in the pre-recession Indian IT boom, and many fell vacant as tenants downsized or closed down.

Because of the high price of urban land, owners of single-family independent homes are currently flocking to developers to forge joint-venture projects. Hopefully the developers will thoughtfully landscape these new projects to keep Chennai the pleasantly green city it has always been.

Dos And Donts In Exterior Home Improvement

Exterior landscaping, hardscaping and retaining walls are some of the newest trends in exterior home improvement. Landscaping has been an old practice of homeowners, but through innovative ideas, designs and modern technology, it has become more interesting and necessary. Landscaping doesnt only develop a homeowners creativity, but also enhances the beauty of our surroundings.

If you are considering landscaping in Seattle, you will definitely need help and assistance from professionals in this field. Tapping the best ones is not a problem since there are a lot of reliable landscape companies in Seattle that you can avail great service from. With their guidance, skills and equipment, you can be assured of excellent and remarkable results afterwards.

Just like landscaping, you will need a great deal of help if you are also contemplating on retaining walls in Seattle. You definitely cannot perform the job by yourself because like other aspects of home improvement, its a tedious job that requires full attention and proper handling. Therefore, if youre about to have your home undergo wall retaining to make it more attractive, better call your trusted and dependable contractor for retaining walls or else you might regret the end result. Putting this kind of task in the hands of those whove mastered the craft, will make you happier in the end for they will meet your expectations.

However ideal a home improvement is, its important to note that retaining walls and landscaping are costly. It would help if you could calculate your possible expenses before getting the job done so that you can prepare the required budget. List down the things you want done or repaired in your home. Dont forget to include the materials that are needed for the job. After doing this lay out a budget plan but if you are not aware of the expenses you could accrue, request from the contractor an estimated rate that would be inclusive of all the services and materials. All it really takes to improve your home is good preparation to avoid budget shortage or worse, an unfinished project.

Knowing what you want to improve in your home is very important. Looking even into the tiniest detail of home improvement is always advantageous. This can be achieved with the help and proper guidance of the pros. If in doubt, always turn to them for they will never do anything to ruin your home. Relying on somebody who is clueless of landscaping, hardscaping and other areas of home improvement will only bring forth what you dread for your home.

Be wise, practical and ready.

Putting Together a DIY Kit with Basic Home Tools from Your General Store

Today, many homeowners prefer to work on their own home improvement projects and so the DIY or Do-It-Yourself way of life is becoming increasingly popular. One of the possible reasons is that information and basic home tools are easily available at the local general store. If you are skilled with building trades like woodworking and can follow diagrams and instructions, it is a very good way to translate your know-how into making useful items for your home.

Use basic home tools to assemble “flat packs” or “knock-down” furniture with minimal effort. You can also choose to work on larger projects like walk-in closets, wall racks and mounts, or lawn and garden sets with a bit of expertise and high-power tools. Nowadays, it is easy to find tools that cater to more specific tasks. While having the right tool for the job is a good thing, it is more practical to look through your local general store to stock the bare essentials first.

Hammers are available in different forms and sizes, but a good claw hammer made from forged steel is one of your basic home tools that can be a versatile addition to your collection. When choosing hammers, ensure that the side of the head that is used for pounding is a straight, smooth or textured surface. A ball-pein hammer has a side with a rounded surface and is mostly used for metalwork. Screwdrivers and drills come with a wide range of head styles, the flat and the Phillips-head being the most popular. As the screws come in different sizes, a set is preferable. Another option is to look through a general store for an electric screwdriver with interchangeable bits. Opt for a cordless drill as that can allow you to work more efficiently. Cordless drills that come with both drill and screwdriver bits are a good inclusion in your DIY kit.

A lot of ready-to-assemble furniture like racks and computer tables come with bolts and nuts that need to be screwed in using a “hex key” or Allen wrench. As hex screws are very popular, having a set of chrome vanadium wrenches is ideal but an adjustable spanner/wrench will be enough. Other essentials that should be a part of your DIY kit are wood saws, tape measures, levels and pliers. Use a leather mason bag to keep all your tools organized and makes them easy to tote around.

Authors Profile: Martin Pitt is a certified interior designer and runs his own interior decoration consultancy. Martin especially loves decorating a home in wooden furniture and believes that nothing gives a home as warm and cozy a touch as all-wood furniture and decor. Martin loves reading up on new design ideas, and has a special interest in space saving techniques. Here Martin writes about general store and basic home tools.

Historic Phoenix Architecture

New home buyers come to Phoenix, Arizona for the booming economy, but they are lured to stay because of historic features that the city offers. If you are moving to Phoenix, you want a Phoenix real estate agent who has a firm understanding of the local real estate market and is working for you to help you find your dream property. There are many new homes in Phoenix that have been influenced by the stunning historic architecture that you can see around town, and your historic architecture is ready to work with you so that you can find and acquire just the right Phoenix property for your purposes. >

One historic property in Phoenix, Arizona that exemplifies one of the beautiful architectural styles is the Union Station in downtown Phoenix. This building, built in 1923 by the Santa Fe and the Arizona Eastern (representing the Southern Pacific) railroads, features the Mission Revival style. This style emphasizes stucco wall surfaces, red tile roof, wide overhanging eaves, shaped Mission dormer or roof parapets, and porch roofs that are held up by large square piers that usually have an arch above them. This style was popular in California, owing to the Spanish influence in that region. It moved from California to other parts of the West when the Santa Fe and Southern Pacific railroads used the style for the stations they built. Mission Revival style began to be seen in the early 1890s and continued in popularity until 1920, or near the end of the first World War.

Another famous Phoenix building is the Luhrs Building, designed by Trost & Trost architecture firm from El Paso, Texas and built in 1924. Henry C. Trost was the designer, and his work evidences his ability to design in many styles, most notably Art Deco, Mission Revival, Prairie and Pueblo Revival, many showing the influence of the famed work of Chicago school architect Louis Sullivan. The Luhrs Building emphasizes the top half of the upper stories through the use of a heavy cornice and marble ornamentation, both of which are in keeping with the Prairie style and Sullivan influence.

An architect famous for his work in Southwestern architecture is Will Bruder. He designed the Burton Barr Central Library, including such features as an open, one-acre large reading room and the “Crystal Canyon,” the name for the stairwell and elevator that utilize glass and steel. Sunlight into the building is directed by motorized louvers on the southern side of the building, and on equinox days you can enjoy the sunlight alignment.

The rich history of these buildings continues to influence the design style of new homes in Phoenix to this day. Phoenix realtors know where to find historically influenced properties, so contact them today.

Wayne Hemrick has been a Phoenix real estate agent , property appraiser in the Phoenix area for 20 years. He has his own very successful real estate and mortgage lending business in the Phoenix area.

Restore Natural Sleep Architecture

Advances in brain polysomnography in the 1950s lead to our current understanding of what happens in the brain as we sleep. When we go to sleep our brain progresses through five stages of sleep:

Stages 1 and 2 light sleep begins the process of slowing brain waves;
Stages 3 and 4 known as slow wave sleep [SWS] or deep sleep follows;
Stage 5 or rapid eye movement [REM] predominates in the last third of the night.

The preservation of this natural brain rhythm of sleep or sleep architecture is every bit as important as the overall sleep time. We need to experience all 5 stages of sleep in order to wake rested.

These stages are not necessarily experienced in chronological order but cycle throughout the night. In stages 1& 2 sleep the mind is in a light sleep, easily roused. Stages 3 & 4 are a deeper level of sleep where rousing is more difficult and people report feeling disoriented if awakened. In Stage 5, or REM sleep, the brain activity is similar to that when awake but the body remains in full muscle paralysis except for respiratory and cardiac function. This allows the mind to experience a full dream without consequent bodily movement.

To obtain a good nights sleep it is very important to avoid factors that disrupt sleep architecture. Our sleep environment, the medication we take, our diet and our thought patterns can directly impede sleep patterns. The good news is, however, these factors are eminently within our control to change and the preservation of constructive sleep architecture will result in better sleep.

Zenbev contains a natural source of tryptophan, the precursor of natural melatonin in a patented blend of ingredients which allows for the restoration of sleep architecture in a way that no other sleep remedy allows. The conversion of natural source tryptophan to natural melatonin occurs in the dark and continues as long as your bedroom is dark. This natural production of melatonin allows all night long is different from synthetic melatonin which dissipates quickly after it is ingested.